Involuntary commitment laws for substance use authorize the involuntary arrest, detention, and/or treatment of an individual for substance use disorder. Building on the existing LawAtlas dataset on Laws Authorizing Involuntary Commitment for Substance Use, this dataset examines important features of involuntary commitment laws specifically focused on substance use. This longitudinal study includes coding questions on the circumstances for commitment, the parties authorized to petition for a commitment, the requirement of a clinical assessment, the types of health professionals authorized to perform the assessment, the requirement of judicial review, the duration of the initial commitment, and the provision of counsel. Although some states have laws authorizing involuntary commitment for alcohol use, these states were excluded for the purposes of the substance use focused dataset. This dataset was co-created with Health in Justice Action Lab.
This dataset is longitudinal, capturing laws in effect on March 1, 2018, and valid through March 1, 2019.